English 6323

History of Rhetoric

Course Pages and Resources

Bibliographical Materials for Secondary Sources

The Sophists

Sprague, Rosamond Kent, ed. The Older Sophists. Translation of Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, ed. by Diels-Kranz, Vaduz: Weidmann. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1972.

Ambrose, Z. P. "Socrates and Prodicus in the Clouds." Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy. Vol. II. Albany: SUNY P, 1983. 129-144.

Benjamin, James. "Eristic, Dialectic, and Rhetoric." Communication Quarterly 31 (1983): 21–26.

Benson, Hugh. "A Note on Eristic and the Socratic Elenchus." Journal of the History of Philosophy 27 (1989): 591–599.

Consigny, Scott."Edward Schiappa's Reading of the Sophists." Rhetoric Review 14 (1996): 253-269.

---.             "Nietzsche's Reading of the Sophists." Rhetoric Review 13 (1994): 5-26.

Crowley, Sharon. "A Plea for the Revival of Sophistry." Rhetoric Review 7 (1989): 318-334.

Enos, Richard. Greek Rhetoric Before Aristotle. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland P, 1993.

Forrest, W. G. "An Athenian Generation Gap." Yale Classical Studies 24 (1975): 37-54.

Guthrie, W. K. C. The Sophists. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1971.

Glenn, Cheryl . "Locating Aspasia on the Rhetorical Map." Listening to Their Voices. Univ of South Carolina Press, 1997.

Glenn, Cheryl. "Sex, Lies, and Manuscript: Refiguring Aspasia in the History of Rhetoric". College Composition and Communication 45.4 (1994): 180–199.

Hodges, Karen A. "Unfolding Sophistic and Humanist Practice through Ingenium." Rhetoric Review 15 (1996): 86-92.

Jarratt, Susan C. Rereading the Sophists: Classical Rhetoric Reconsidered. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.

Johnstone, Christopher. "Communicating in Classical Contexts: The Centrality of Delivery." Quarterly Journal of Speech 87 (2001): 121-142.

Kerferd, G. B. The Sophistic Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1981.

Kirby, John T. "The 'Great Triangle' in Early Greek Rhetoric and Poetics." Rhetorica 8 (1990): 213–228.

Lentz, T. M.             "Writing as Sophistry: From Preservation to Persuasion." Quarterly Journal of Speech 68 (1982): 60-68.

Moss, Roger. "The Case for Sophistry." Rhetoric Revalued: Papers from the International Society for the History of Rhetoric. Ed. Brian Vickers. Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, 1982. 207–224.

Nehamas, Alexander             "Eristic, Antilogic, Sophistic, Dialectic: Plato's Demarcation of Philosophy from Sophistry." History of Philosophy Quarterly 7 (1990): 3-16

Newman, John K. "Protagoras, Gorgias and the Dialogic Principle." Illinois Classical Studies 11 (1986): 43-61.

Poster, Carol.             "Persuasion in an Empty Ontology: The Eleatic Synthesis of Philosophy, Poetry, and Rhetoric." Philosophy & Rhetoric 27 (1994): 277-299.

Poulakos, John. "Early Changes in Rhetorical Practice and Understanding: From the Sophists to Isocrates." Texte 8 (1989): 307–324.

---.             "Extending and Correcting the Rhetorical Tradition: Aristotle's Perception of the Sophists. Ed. Christopher Lyle Johnstone. Theory, Text, Context: Issues in Greek Rhetoric and Oratory. Albany : State U of New York P, 1996. 45-63.

---."Gorgias' and Isocrates' Use of the Encomium." Southern Communication Journal 51 (1986): 300–307.

---."Interpreting Sophistical Rhetoric: A Response to Schiappa." Philosophy & Rhetoric 23 (1990): 218–228.

---."Rhetoric, the Sophists, and the Possible." Communication Monographs 51 (1984): 215–226.

---.Sophistical Rhetoric in Classical Greece. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1995.

*---."Toward a Sophistic Definition of Rhetoric." Philosophy & Rhetoric 16 (1983): 35–48.

Pullman, George L. "Reconsidering Sophistic Rhetoric in Light of Skeptical Epistemology." Rhetoric Review 13 (1994): 50-68.

de Romilly, Jacqueline. Magic and Rhetoric in Ancient Greece. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1975.

---. The Great Sophists in Periclean Athens. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.

Rossetti, Livio. "The Rhetoric of Zeno's Paradoxes." Philosophy & Rhetoric 21 (1988): 145-152.

Scenters-Zapico, John. "The Case for the Sophists." Rhetoric Review 11 (1993): 352– .

Schiappa, Edward. "History and Neo-Sophistic Criticism: A Reply to Poulakos." Philosophy & Rhetoric 23 (1990): 307–315.

---."Neo-Sophistic Rhetorical Criticism or the Historical Reconstruction of Sophistic Doctrines?" Philosophy & Rhetoric 23 (1990): 192–217.

---. Protagoras and Logos: A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 1991.

---. "Some of My Best Friends Are Sophists: A Response to Scott Consigny." Rhetoric Review 14 (1996): 272-279.

Sullivan, Dale. "Kairos and the Rhetoric of Belief." Quarterly Journal of Speech 78 (1992): 317–332.

Ward, John O. "Magic and Rhetoric from Antiquity to the Renaissance: Some Ruminations." Rhetorica  6 (1988): 57–118.



Benardete, Seth. The Rhetoric of Morality and Philosophy: Plato's Gorgias and Phaedrus. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Benitez, Eugenio. "Argument, Rhetoric, and Philosophic Method: Plato's Protagoras." Philosophy and Rhetoric 25 (1992): 222-52.

Brickhouse, Thomas C., and Nicholas D. Smith. Plato's Socrates. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Derrida, Jacques. The Post Card: From Socrates to Freud and Beyond. Trans. Alan Bass. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Irwin, Terence. Plato's Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Kahn, Charles H. "Did Plato Write Socratic Dialogues?" In Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates, ed. Hugh H. Benson, 35-52. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

---. "Drama and Dialectic in Plato's Gorgias." Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 1 (1983): 75-121.

---. Plato and the Socratic Dialogue: The Philosophical Use of a Literary Form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Penner, Terry. "Socrates and the Early Dialogues." In The Cambridge Companion to Plato, ed. Richard Kraut, 121-69. Cambridge Companions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Neel, Jasper. Plato, Derrida, and Writing. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1988.

Robinson, Richard. Plato's Earlier Dialectic. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953.

*Rossetti, Livio. "The Rhetoric of Socrates." Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (1989): 225-38.

Vlastos, Gregory. Socrates, Ironist and Moral Philosopher. Cornell Studies in Classical Philology. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Wardy, Robert. The Birth of Rhetoric: Gorgias, Plato and Their Successors. Issues in Ancient Philosophy. London: Routledge, 1996.

Yunis, Harvey. Taming Democracy: Models of Political Rhetoric in Classical Athens. Rhetoric and Society. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Zappen, James P. The Rebirth of Dialogue: Bakhtin, Socrates, and the Rhetorical Tradition. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2004.



Atwill, Janet. Rhetoric Reclaimed: Aristotle and the Liberal Arts Tradition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1998.

Clayton, Edward W. "The Audience for Aristotle's Rhetoric." Rhetorica 22 (2004): 183-203.

Enos, Richard Leo, and Lois Peters Agnew. Landmark Essays on Aristotelian Rhetoric. Mahwah, NJ: Hermagoras, 1998.

Evans, J. D. G. Aristotle's Concept of Dialectic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Farrell, Thomas B. Norms of Rhetorical Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Gage, John T. "An Adequate Epistemology for Composition: Classical and Modern Perspectives." In Essays on Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse, ed. Robert J. Connors, Lisa S. Ede, and Andrea A. Lunsford, 152-69, 281-84. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984.

Graff, R. "Reading and the 'Written Style' in Aristotle's Rhetoric." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 21 (2001): 502-09.

*Halloran, S. Michael. "Aristotle's Concept of Ethos, or If Not His Somebody Else's." Rhetoric Review 1 (1982): 58-63.

Haskins, Ekaterina V. Logos and Power in Isocrates and Aristotle. Studies in Rhetoric/Communication. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2004.

Hauser, Gerard A. "Aristotle on Epideictic: The Formation of Public Morality." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 29.1 (1999): 5-23.

McAdon, Brad. "Rhetoric Is the Counterpart to Dialectic." Philosophy and Rhetoric 34 (2002): 113-50.

McKeon, Richard. Introduction to Aristotle. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973.

---. "The Uses of Rhetoric in a Technological Age: Architectonic Productive Arts." In Professing the New Rhetorics: A Sourcebook, eds. Theresa Enos and Stuart Brown. Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice Hall, 1994.

Miller, Carolyn R. "The Aristotelian Topos: Hunting for Novelty." In Rereading Aristotle's Rhetoric, ed. Alan G. Gross and Arthur E. Walzer, 130-46. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

---. "Aristotle's 'Special Topics' in Rhetorical Practice and Pedagogy." Rhetoric Society Quarterly 17 (1987): 61-70.

Neel, Jasper P. Aristotle's Voice: Rhetoric, Theory, and Writing in America. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1994.

Raymond, James C. "Enthymemes, Examples, and Rhetorical Method." In Essays on Classical Rhetoric and Modern Discourse, ed. Robert J. Connors, Lisa S. Ede, and Andrea A. Lunsford, 140-51, 280-81. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1984.

*Reynolds, Nedra. "Ethos as Location: New Sites for Understanding Discursive Authority." Rhetoric Review: 11 (1993): 325-38.


Book Reviews


*Enos, Richard. "Review Essay: Plato's Dream of Sophistry, Richard Marback." Rhetoric Review,18.1. (Autumn, 1999), 181-184.

-----. "Review Essay: The Beginnings of Rhetorical Theory in Classical Greece, Edward Schiappa." Rhetoric Review, 19.1/2. (Autumn, 2000), pp. 94-97.

Kennedy, George. "Review Essay: Magic and Rhetoric in Ancient Greece, Jacqueline de Romilly." The Classical Journal, 74.2. (Dec., 1978 - Jan., 1979), pp. 170-171.

Morgan, J. R. "Review Essay: The Second Sophistic. A Cultural Phenomenon in the Roman Empire, G. Anderson." The Classical Review, 45.1 (1995), pp. 44-45.

*Naddaff, Ramona A. "Review Article: Myths, Errors, and Dreams: The Return of Plato --Plato the Myth Maker, Luc Brisson and Gerard Naddaf ; Platonic Errors: Plato, a Kind of Poet, Gene Fendt and David Rozema; Plato's Dream of Sophistry, Richard Marback Classical Philology, Vol. 96, No. 2. (Apr., 2001), pp. 173-187.

Noor, Ronny. "Review: Electric Rhetoric: Classical Rhetoric, Oralism, and a New Literacy, Kathleen E. Welch" South Central Review, 17.3, Cinema Engage: Activist Filmmaking in French and Francophone Contexts. (Autumn, 2000), pp. 151-152.

Too, Y.L. "Review:A New History of Classical Rhetoric, G. A. Kennedy." The Classical Review, New Ser., 46.1. (1996), pp. 60-61.



August 28, 2007

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